Meaning of Communion

“Meaning of Communion”

 Luke 22:14-20

And when the hour came, he reclined at table, and the apostles with him.15 And he said to them, “I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer. 16 For I tell you I will not eat it until it is fulfilled in the kingdom of God.”17 And he took a cup, and when he had given thanks he said, “Take this, and divide it among yourselves. 18 For I tell you that from now on I will not drink of the fruit of the vine until the kingdom of God comes.” 19 And he took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it and gave it to them, saying, “This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me.” 20 And likewise the cup after they had eaten, saying, “This cup that is poured out for you is the new covenant in my blood.

  1. Four different views of the communion table.
  2. Roman Catholic (Transubstantiation)
  3.           Wine/ bread become the literal body/ blood of Jesus Christ.
  4.         Therefore the sacraments is necessary for salvation.
  1. Lutheran (Consubstantiation)
  2.  Wine/bread not literally body/blood, but Jesus Christ is literally present in                    the body/blood
  1. Presbyterian (Sacramental Memorial)
  2.           Something done in remembrance of Jesus’ death and in anticipation of his                   second coming
  3.         Jesus is present spiritually in the wine/bread- It is a participation in the body               of Christ
  1.  Baptist (Memorial- primary to remember)
  2.           Something done in remembrance of Jesus’ death and in anticipation of his                    second coming
  3.          Primary purpose of communion is to remember so that we do not drift.
  1. The Passover was to be practice to remember three things.

  2. The Passover meal was a celebration of God’s deliverance of Israel.

 

Exodus 13:3

3 Then Moses said to the people, “Remember this day in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of slavery, for by a strong hand the Lord brought you out from this place.

1 Cor 11:26

26 For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.

Acts 2:44-47

44 And all who believed were together and had all things in common. 45 And they were selling their possessions and belongings and distributing the proceeds to all, as any had need. 46 And day by day, attending the temple together and breaking bread in their homes, they received their food with glad and generous hearts, 47 praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.

Ps 51:9-17

9 Hide your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities.10  Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me.11  Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me.12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation, and uphold me with a willing spirit.

13 Then I will teach transgressors your ways, and sinners will return to you.14 Deliver me from bloodguiltiness, O God, O God of my salvation, and my tongue will sing aloud of your righteousness.15 O Lord, open my lips, and my mouth will declare your praise.16  For you will not delight in sacrifice, or I would give it; you will not be pleased with a burnt offering.17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit; a broken and contrite heart, O God, you will not despise.

  1. The Passover served to remind Israel of God’s care and deliverance during times of hardship.

Deuteronomy 7:18

17 “If you say in your heart, ‘These nations are greater than I. How can I dispossess them?’ 18  you shall not be afraid of them but you shall remember what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt, 19 the great trials that your eyes saw, the signs, the wonders, the mighty hand, and the outstretched arm, by which the Lord your God brought you out. So will the Lord your God do to all the peoples of whom you are afraid

Romans 8:31-36

31 What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32  He who did not spare his own Son but gave him up for us all, how will he not also with him graciously give us all things? 33 Who shall bring any charge against God’s elect? It is God who justifies. 34  Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised— who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us.  35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or danger, or sword? 36 As it is written,

“For your sake we are being killed all the day long;

we are regarded as sheep to be slaughtered.”

  1. The Passover served to remind Israel of God’s provision during times of abundance.

Deuteronomy 8:11-12, 17,18

11 “Take care lest you forget the Lord your God by not keeping his commandments and his rules and his statutes, which I command you today, 12  lest, when you have eaten and are full and have built good houses and live in them, 13 and when your herds and flocks multiply and your silver and gold is multiplied and all that you have is multiplied, 14  then your heart be lifted up, and you forget the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery,

17 Beware lest you say in your heart, ‘My power and the might of my hand have gotten me this wealth.’ 18 You shall remember the Lord your God, for it is he who gives you power to get wealth, that he may confirm his covenant that he swore to your fathers, as it is this day.

Hos 13:4-6

4 But I am the Lord your God

from the land of Egypt;

you know no God but me,

and besides me there is no savior.

5 It was I who knew you in the wilderness,

in the land of drought;

6 but when they had grazed, they became full,

they were filled, and their heart was lifted up;

therefore they forgot me.

Heb 2:1

Therefore we must pay much closer attention to what we have heard, lest we drift away from it.

Heb 2:3

3 how shall we escape if we neglect such a great salvation?

  1. Four different names describe different aspects of the communion table.
  2. Sacrament  — Latin word for “sacred” or “holy”

1 Cor. 11:27-28

Therefore, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of sinning against the body and blood of the Lord. 28 A man ought to examine himself before he eats of the bread and drinks of the cup.

  1. Communion–  (Sharing or what is common)– Koinonia

1 Cor. 11:29

For anyone who eats and drinks without recognizing the body of the Lord eats and drinks judgment on himself.  30 That is why many among you are weak and sick, and a number of you have fallen asleep.

  1. Eucharist– Greek in origin which means to give thanks

1 Thessalonians 5:16-18

16 Rejoice always, 17 pray without ceasing, 18 in everything give thanks; for this is the will of God in Christ Jesus for you.

  1. Lord’s Supper or table   (Celebration)

Rev 19:7-9

Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready; 8  it was granted her to clothe herself with fine linen, bright and pure”— for the fine linen is the righteous deeds of the saints.9 And the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the marriage supper of the Lamb.” And he said to me, “These are the true words of God.”

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