Righteousness of God

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Passage: Romans 10:1-4


A.  They had zeal but without knowledge.

B.  They were ignorant about the righteousness that comes from God.  V.3a

a.  They were ignorant of their own sins

2 Sam 12:1-7 – And the Lord sent Nathan to David. He came to him and said to him,
“There were two men in a certain city, the one rich and the other poor. 2 The rich man had very many flocks and   herds, 3 but the poor man had nothing but one little ewe lamb, which he had bought. And he brought it up, and it grew up with him and with his children. It used to eat of his morsel and drink from his cup and lie in his arms, and it was like a daughter to him. 4 Now there came a traveler to the rich man, and he was unwilling to take one of his own flock or herd to prepare for the guest who had come to him, but he took the poor man’s lamb and prepared it for the man who had come to him.” 5 Then David’s anger was greatly kindled against the man, and he said to Nathan, “As the Lord lives, the man who has done this deserves to die, 6 and he
shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.” 7 Nathan said to David, “You are the man!

      b.  They were ignorant of God’s justice against their sins.

Heb 10:26-31 – For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins,27  but a fearful expectation of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries. 28  Anyone who has set aside the law of Moses dies
without mercy on the evidence of two or three witnesses. 29 How much worse punishment, do you think, will be deserved by the one who has spurned the Son of God, and has profaned the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified, and has outraged the Spirit of grace? 30 For
we know him who said, “Vengeance is mine; I will repay.” And again, “The Lord will judge his people.” 31  It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God.

Jonathan Edwards (Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God)
The God that holds you over the pit of hell, much as one holds a
spider, or some loathsome insect over the fire, abhors you, and is
dreadfully provoked: his wrath towards you burns like fire; he looks
upon you as worthy of nothing else, but to be cast into the fire; he
is of purer eyes than to bear to have you in his sight; you are ten
thousand times more abominable in his eyes, than the most hateful
venomous serpent is in ours. You have offended him infinitely more
than ever a stubborn rebel did his prince; and yet it is nothing but
his hand that holds you from falling into the fire every moment. It is
to be ascribed to nothing else, that you did not go to hell the last
night; that you were suffered to awake again in this world, after you
closed your eyes to sleep. And there is no other reason to be given,
why you have not dropped into hell since you arose in the morning, but
that God’s hand has held you up. There is no other reason to be given
why you have not gone to hell, since you have sat here in the house of
God, provoking his pure eyes by your sinful wicked manner of attending
his solemn worship. Yea, there is nothing else that is to be given as
a reason why you do not this very moment drop down into hell.
O sinner! Consider the fearful danger you are in: it is a great
furnace of wrath, a wide and bottomless pit, full of the fire of
wrath, that you are held over in the hand of that God, whose wrath is
provoked and incensed as much against you, as against many of the
damned in hell. You hang by a slender thread, with the flames of
divine wrath flashing about it, and ready every moment to singe it,
and burn it asunder; and you have no interest in any Mediator, and
nothing to lay hold of to save yourself, nothing to keep off the
flames of wrath, nothing of your own, nothing that you ever have done,
nothing that you can do, to induce God to spare you one moment.

c.  They were ignorant about the depth of God’s grace to remedy their sins

2 Cor 5:21 – For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we
might become the righteousness of God.
Gal 3:13 – Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse
for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”—
1 John 3:1 See what kind of love the Father has given to us, that we should be
called children of God;

         d.   They were ultimately ignorant of God.

C.  They were trying to establish their own righteousness and did not
submit to God’s righteousness.

John Calvin,  “The first step to obtaining the righteousness of God is
to renounce our own righteousness.

a.  What does it mean to submit to God’s righteousness?

1 John 1:8-9 – If we say we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. 9  If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins and to cleanse us from all  unrighteousness. 10 If we say we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in

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